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PNBC Research & Information References

  1. Weber H. "Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Controlled, Prospective Study With Ten Years of Observation". Spine 1983; 8: 131-140.

  2. Graves JE, Webb D, Pollock ML, Matkozich J, Leggett SH, Carpenter DM, et al. "Pelvic stabilization during resistance training: its effect on the development of lumbar extension strength." Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1994;75:210-5.

  3. Saal JA, Saal JS. "Nonoperative Treatment of Herniated Lumbar Intervertebral Disc with radiculopathy: An Outcome Study." Spine 1989; 14(4): 431-438.

  4. Saal JS, Saal JA. "Nonoperative Treatment of Cervical Herniated Disc: An Outcome Study." Presented at the North American Spine Society annual meeting; Minneapolis, Oct. 1994.

  5. Nelson BW, O’Reilly EJ, Miller M, Hogan M, Wegner J, Kelly C. "The Clinical Effects of Intensive, Specific Exercise On Chronic Low Back Pain: A Controlled Study Of 895 Consecutive Patients With 1-Year Follow-Up." Orthopedics Oct 1995; 18(10): 971-981.

  6. Boden SD, McGowan PR, Davis DO, et al: "Abnormal Magnetic Resonance Scans of the Cervical Spine in Asymptomatic Subjects. A Prospective Investigation." J Bone Joint Surg 1984: 66A:1048-1055.

  7. Boden SD, Davis DO, Dina TS, et al: "Abnormal Magnetic Resonance Scans of the Lumbar Spine in Asymptomatic Subjects. A Prospective Investigation." J Bone Joint Surg 1990: 72A:403-408.

  8. Witt I, Bestergaard A, Rosenklint A: "A Comparative Analysis of X-ray Findings of the Lumbar Spine in Patients without Lumbar Pain." Spine 1984; 9: 298-300.

  9. Jensen MC, Brant-Zawadzki MN, Obuchowski N, Modic MT, Malkasian D, et al: "Magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine in people without back pain." N Engl J Med. 1994 Jul 14;331(2):69-73.

  10. Nelson BW, Coulter AJ. "Treatment Overload." Minnesota Physician Volume 13, No. 3, June 1999.