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PNBC Research Bibliography

Following is a listing of key research published by PNBC personnel:

  1. Leggett, S., V. Mooney, L. Matheson, B. Nelson, T. Dreisinger, J. Van Zytveld, and L. Vie. “Restorative exercise for clinical low back pain: A prospective two-center study with 1-year follow-up." Spine 24(9):889-898, 1999.

  2. Carpenter, D. and B. Nelson. “Low back strengthening for health, rehabilitation and injury prevention.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 31(1):18-24, 1999.

  3. Nelson, B., D. Carpenter, T. Dreisinger, M. Mitchell, E. O'Reilly, C. Kelly, J. Wegner, A. Coulter, J. Palen, and M. Hogan. “Can spinal surgery be prevented by treating surgical candidates with aggressive strengthening exercise? A prospective study of cervical and lumbar patients.” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 80:20-25, 1999.

  4. Nelson, B., D. Carpenter, and T. Dreisinger. “Redesigning the American Workplace.” Rehab Management, October/November:30-35, 1998.

  5. Dreisinger, T. and B. Nelson. “Management of back pain in athletes.” Sports Medicine 24(4): 313-320, 1996.

  6. Kuritzky, L. and D. Carpenter. “Primary care approach to acute and chronic low back pain.” Primary Care Reports, 1(4): 29-38, 1995.

  7. Nelson, B., E. O'Reilly, M. Miller, M. Hogan, J. Wegner, and C. Kelly. “The clinical effects of intensive, specific exercise on chronic low back pain: a controlled study of 895 consecutive patients with 1-year follow up.” Orthopedics 18(10): 971-981, 1995.

  8. Carpenter, D., T. Brigham, M. Welsch, D. Foster, J. Graves, D. Hepler, M. Fulton, and M. Pollock. “Low back strength comparison of elite female collegiate athletes.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 26(5): S113, 1994.

  9. Graves, J.E., D. Webb, M.L. Pollock, J. Matkozich, S.H. Leggett, D.M. Carpenter, and J. Cirulli. “Pelvic stabilization during resistance training: Its effect of the development of lumbar extension strength.” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 75: 210-215, 1994.

  10. Carpenter, D., D. Feurtado, N. Delude, J. Graves, M. Pollock, D. Foster, and M. Fulton. “Effect of submaximal effort and knowledge of previous results on the reliability of lumbar extension strength.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 25(5): S181, 1993.

  11. Foster, D., M. Avillar, M. Pollock, J. Graves, G. Dudley, D. Woodard, and D. Carpenter. “Adaptations in strength and cross-sectional area of the lumbar extensor muscles following resistance training.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 25(5): S47, 1993.

  12. Nelson, B. “A rational approach to the treatment of low back pain.” Journal of Musculoskeletal Medicine 10(5): 67-82, 1993.

  13. Pollock, M.L., J.E. Graves, D.M. Carpenter, D. Foster, S.H. Leggett, M.N. Fulton. “Muscle.” In Rehabilitation of the Spine: Science and Practice, S. Hochschuler, R. Guyer, H. Cofler, and Carranza (eds.), St. Louis: Mosby, pp. 263-284, 1993.

  14. Pollock, M.L., J. E. Graves, S.H. Leggett, D.M. Carpenter, M. Fulton, J. Cirulli, and J. Matkozich. “Effect of Frequency, and Volume of Resistance Training on Cervical Extension Strength.” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 74: 1080-1086, 1993.

  15. Carpenter, D.M., J. Tucci, M. Pollock, J. Graves, D. Feurtado, and R. Mannanquil. “Effect of repositioning on intraday reliability of lateral lumbar spine bone measurements using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 24(5): S65, 1992.

  16. Foster,D., J. Graves, M. Pollock, A. Hepler, and D. Carpenter. “Quantitative assessment of isometric cervical rotation net muscular torque.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exrecise 24(5): S172, 1992.

  17. Graves, J.E., C.K. Fix, M.L. S.H. Leggett, D.N. Foster, and D.M. Carpenter. “Comparison of two restraint systems for pelvic stabilization during isometric lumbar extension strength testing.” Journal of Orthopaedic Sports Physical Therapy, 15(1): 37-42, 1992.

  18. Graves, J.E., M.L. Pollock, S.H. Leggett, D.M. Carpenter, C.K. Fix, and M.N. Fulton, “Limited range-of motion lumbar extension strength training.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 24(1): 128-133, 1992.

  19. Graves, J.E., G. Young, J. Cauraugh, L. Garzarella, D. Carpenter, S. Leggett, and M.L. Pollock. “Influence of knowledge or results on variability during maximal and submaximal isometric lumbar extension strength measurement.” Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 63(1): A33, 1992.

  20. Leggett, S.H., J.E. Graves, M.L. Pollock, D.M. Carpenter, M. Fulton, M. Shank, and B. Holmes. “Quantitative assessment and training of cervical extension strength.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 24(5): S172, 1992.

  21. Pollock, M.L., FACSM, L. Garzarella, J.E. Graves, FACSM, D.M. Carpenter, S.H. Leggett, D. Lowenthal, M.N. Fulton, D. Foster, J. Tucci, R. Mananquil. “Effects of isolated lumbar extension resistance training on bone mineral density of the elderly.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 24(5): S66, 1992.

  22. Tucci, J., D.M. Carpenter, M. Pollock, J. Graves, and S. Leggett. “Effect of reduced training frequency and detraining on lumbar extension strength.” Spine, 17(12): 1497-1501, 1992.

  23. Carpenter, D., J. Graves, J. Blanton, S. Leggett, and M. Pollock. “Effect of testing order on isometric torso rotation strength.” International Journal of Sports Medicine 2(12): 246, 1991.

  24. Carpenter, D., J. Graves, M. Pollock, S. Leggett, and J. Blanton. “Quantitative assessment of isometric torso rotation net muscular torque.” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 72(10): 804, 1991.

  25. Carpenter, D., S. Leggett, M. Pollock, J. Graves, G. Young, L. Garzerella, and A. Jones. “Quantitative assessment of isometric lumbar extension net muscular torque.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 23(4): S65, 1991.

  26. Carpenter, D.M., M.L. Pollock, J.E. Graves, S.H. Leggett, and D. Foster. “Effect of 12 and 20 weeks of resistance training on lumber extension torque production.” Physical Therapy, 71(8): 580-588, 1991.

  27. Leggett, S., G. DeFilippo, J. Trinkle, J. Graves, D. Carpenter, and M. Pollock. “Effect of training frequency on cervical rotation strength.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 23(4): S118, 1991.

  28. Leggett, S.H., J.E. Graves, M.L. Pollock, M. Shank, D.M. Carpenter, B. Holmes, and M. Fulton. “Quantitative assessment and training of isometric cervical extension strength.” American Journal of Sports Medicine, 19(6): 653-659, 1991.

  29. Pollock, M., J. Graves, S. Leggett, G. Young, L. Garzarella, D. Carpenter, M. Fulton, and A. Jones. “Accuracy of counterweighting to account for upper body mass in testing lumbar extension strength.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 23(4): S66, 1991.

  30. Tucci, J., D. Carpenter, J. Graves, M. Pollock, and R. Felheim. “Interday reliability of bone mineral density measurements using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 23(4): S115, 1991.

  31. Fulton, M., G.P. Jones, M.L. Pollock, J.E. Graves, J. Cirulli, S.H. Leggett, D.M. Carpenter and A. Jones. “Rehabilitation and testing...conservative treatment for lower back and cervical problems.” Rehabilitation Management, 3(Apr/May): UF2-40, 1990.

  32. Graves, J.E., M.L. Pollock, D.M. Carpenter, S.H. Leggett, A. Jones, M. MacMillan, and M. Fulton. “Quantitative assessment of full range-of-motion isometric lumbar extension strength.” Spine, 15(4): 289-294, 1990.

  33. Graves, J.E., M.L. Pollock, D. Foster, S.H. Leggett, D.M. Carpenter, R. Vuoso, and A. Jones. “Effect of training frequency and specificity on isometric lumbar extension strength.” Spine, 15(6): 504-509, 1990.

  34. Graves, J.E., D. Webb, M.L. Pollock, J. Matkozich, S.H. Leggett, D.M. Carpenter, and J. Cirulli. “Effect of training with pelvic stabilization on lumbar extension strength.” International Journal of Sports Medicine 11(5): 403, 1990.

  35. Leggett, S.H., J.E. Graves, M.L. Pollock, D. Foster, D.M. Carpenter, and R. Vuoso. “Specificity of lumbar extension strength training.” International Journal of Sports Medicine 11(5): 403-404, 1990.

  36. Foster, D., S.H. Leggett, J.E. Graves, M.L. Pollock, D.M. Carpenter, B. Holmes, and R.W. Braith. “Effect of training frequency on lumbar extension strength.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 21(2): S88, 1989.

  37. Leggett, S.H., M.L. Pollock, J.E. Graves, M.Shank, D.M. Carpenter, C. Fix, B. Holmes, and B. Liddell. “Quantitative Assessment of full range of motion cervical extension strength.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 21(2): S52, 1989.

  38. Carpenter, D.M., J.E. Graves, and M.L. Pollock. “Effect of visual feedback on repeated trials of full range-of-motion isometric strength.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 20(2): S4, 1988.

  39. Leggett, S.H., M.L. Pollock, J.E. Graves, A. Jones, M. MacMillan, D.M. Carpenter, and K. Onodera. “Quantitative assessment of full range-of-motion lumbar extension strength.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 20(2): S87, 1988

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